THE END RESULT IS These Bills

Long on Congress’ radar display, Iran is being targeted by two expenses: The Senate’s Dodd-Shelby Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act exceeded in late January; in December and the House’s Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Action approved. The end result is these bills, signed into law by President Obama once, will pursue finance institutions and businesses that conduct business in Iran ‘s energy sector or help the regime builds its refining capacity.

To an outsider, the stakes appear high. After all, Iran, an OPEC founding member, keeps the world’s third-largest proven essential oil reserves and the world’s second-largest natural gas reserves, according to the U.S. Not to mention, its pariah status in the world makes luring investment difficult at times. Despite that, the united states is not absolutely all that concerned about the latest congressional maneuvering, observers charge.

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Iranian leaders are to disregard it,” said Patrick Clawson, deputy director for research at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and an Iran expert. Iran is a major maker, but its oil fields are quite old and it must do an “extraordinary amount” of drilling, he said. This makes the united states a “very attractive place for international, essential oil field services companies, which are not represented there,” Clawson managed. Countries like Russia, China, Malaysia, and India may step up to the plate potentially, Alex Vatanka, a scholar at the Washington-based Middle East Institute, said. Venezuela, a long-time U.S.

Iran too, a Washington source familiar with Iranian issues said on the health of anonymity. Venezuela has tremendous petroleum and refining capacity and is not going to “go with any embargo,” said the foundation. The Islamic regime, moreover, is convinced it can get by without access to Western technology, Clawson observed. But Iran, which attracts 80 percent to 85 percent of its income from essential oil revenue exports, will indeed look to the West for technology and funding, Vatanka argued.

Energy issues are seen as strategically important to Iranians, which means U.S. “from a political point of view, they learned quit their nuclear program simply for the sake of energy technology,” Vatanka added. Iran produces just above five million barrels a day and aims to boost that to more than six million barrels, he said.

“Their threat notion is completely different,” he noted. “It’s not considering the Western world even.” Rather, he said, the Iranian government is targeted to battle a “domestic issue” in the form of the country’s rising opposition. In some real ways, the United States ‘ unilateral sanctions on gas shipments to Iran would actually be a “lifeline for Ahmadinejad,” asserted Patrick Disney, helper policy director at the National Iranian American Council in Washington. The federal government has sought to cut gas subsidies for years, which drain 10 percent to 20 percent of the annual gross local product, but a “popular backlash” stops such a move, Disney described.